About This Author

Confucius孔子

Confucius Tang Dynasty.jpg
The teaching Confucius. Portrait by Wu Daozi, 685–758, Tang dynasty .

Born

551 BC
Zou, Lu, Zhou Kingdom

Died

479 BC
Lu, Zhou Kingdom

Nationality

Zhou

Era

Ancient philosophy

Region

Chinese philosophy

School

Confucianism

Main interests

Moral philosophy, social philosophy, ethics

Notable ideas

Confucianism, Golden Rule

Influences

  • I Ching,Book of Rites,Classic of Poetry

Influenced

  • Many Chinese philosophers, particularly Mencius, Xun Zi, Zhu Xi and the Neotaoists and the Neoconfucians ; François Quesnay ; Christian Wolff ; Robert Cummings Neville ; Ezra Pound ; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.

The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known in the West as Neo-Confucianism, and later New Confucianism .

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Discover Confucius Quotes and Sayings

What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others. - Confucius

What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.

Confucius

respect philosopher chinese
Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. - Confucius

Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.

Confucius

conquer overcome failure chinese philosopher
Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves. - Confucius

Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves.

Confucius

revenge philosopher chinese
Old age, believe me, is a good and pleasant thing. It is true you are gently shouldered off the stage, but then you are given such a comfortable front stall as spectator. - Confucius

Old age, believe me, is a good and pleasant thing. It is true you are gently shouldered off the stage, but then you are given such a comfortable front stall as spectator.

Confucius

age good
Virtue is not left to stand alone. He who practices it will have neighbors. - Confucius

Virtue is not left to stand alone. He who practices it will have neighbors.

Confucius

alone
When anger rises, think of the consequences. - Confucius

When anger rises, think of the consequences.

Confucius

anger
Speak the truth, do not yield to anger give, if thou art asked for little by these three steps thou wilt go near the gods. - Confucius

Speak the truth, do not yield to anger give, if thou art asked for little by these three steps thou wilt go near the gods.

Confucius

anger art truth
Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it. - Confucius

Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it.

Confucius

beauty
The superior man understands what is right the inferior man understands what will sell. - Confucius

The superior man understands what is right the inferior man understands what will sell.

Confucius

business
Only the wisest and stupidest of men never change. - Confucius

Only the wisest and stupidest of men never change.

Confucius

change men
They must often change, who would be constant in happiness or wisdom. - Confucius

They must often change, who would be constant in happiness or wisdom.

Confucius

change happiness wisdom
The faults of a superior person are like the sun and moon. They have their faults, and everyone sees them they change and everyone looks up to them. - Confucius

The faults of a superior person are like the sun and moon. They have their faults, and everyone sees them they change and everyone looks up to them.

Confucius

change
Faced with what is right, to leave it undone shows a lack of courage. - Confucius

Faced with what is right, to leave it undone shows a lack of courage.

Confucius

courage
Wisdom, compassion, and courage are the three universally recognized moral qualities of men. - Confucius

Wisdom, compassion, and courage are the three universally recognized moral qualities of men.

Confucius

courage men wisdom
Death and life have their determined appointments riches and honors depend upon heaven. - Confucius

Death and life have their determined appointments riches and honors depend upon heaven.

Confucius

death life
If we don't know life, how can we know death? - Confucius

If we don't know life, how can we know death?

Confucius

death life