About This Author

Sir
Ernest Shackleton
CVO OBE FRGS

Shackleton c. 1909
Shackleton c. 1909

Personal details

Born

Ernest Henry Shackleton
15 February 1874 Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland

Died

5 January 1922 South Georgia, Falkland Islands Dependencies

Nationality

British

Spouse

Emily Dorman ( m.  1904)

Children

Raymond, Cecily, and Edward

Parents

  • Henrietta Gavan
  • Henry Shackleton

Relatives

Jane Shackleton

Occupation

Merchant Navy officer and Antarctic explorer

Awards

  • Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society of Antwerp
  • Vega Medal
  • Boston Medal, with bar
Military career

Allegiance

  United Kingdom

Service/ branch

Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svgRoyal NavyFlag of the British Army .svg.pngBritish Army

Years of service

1901-1907, 1917-1919

Rank

LieutenantMajor

Battles/wars

First World WarRussian Civil War

Awards

Officer of the Order of the British EmpireMentioned in dispatches

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS was a British polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.

Born in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland , Shackleton and his Anglo-Irish family moved to Sydenham in suburban south London when he was ten. His first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition 1901–1904, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, after he and his companions Scott and Edward Adrian Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. During the second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Also, members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home.

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