About This Author

Fernando Pessoa

Portrait of Pessoa, 1914.
Portrait of Pessoa, 1914.


Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa13 June 1888 Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal


30 November 1935 Lisbon, Portugal

Pen name

Alberto Caeiro, Álvaro de Campos, Ricardo Reis, Bernardo Soares, etc.


Poet, writer, translator and philosopher


Portuguese, English, French



Alma mater

University of Lisbon




Poetry, essay, fiction

Notable works

Mensagem The Book of Disquiet

Notable awards

  • Queen Victoria Prize
  • Antero de Quental Award


"Fernando Pessoa"

Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa , commonly known as Fernando Pessoa, was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. He also wrote in and translated from English and French.

Pessoa was a prolific writer, and not only under his own name, for he dreamed up approximately seventy-five others. He did not call them pseudonyms because he felt that did not capture their true independent intellectual life and instead called them heteronyms. These imaginary figures sometimes held unpopular or extreme views.

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