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Franklin D. Roosevelt

FDR 1944 Color Portrait.jpg
Photograph by Leon Perskie, 1944

32nd President of the United States

In officeMarch 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945

Vice President

  • John Nance Garner
  • Henry A. Wallace
  • Harry S. Truman

Preceded by

Herbert Hoover

Succeeded by

Harry S. Truman

44th Governor of New York

In officeJanuary 1, 1929 – December 31, 1932

Lieutenant

Herbert H. Lehman

Preceded by

Al Smith

Succeeded by

Herbert H. Lehman

Assistant Secretary of the Navy

In officeMarch 17, 1913 – August 26, 1920

President

Woodrow Wilson

Preceded by

Beekman Winthrop

Succeeded by

Gordon Woodbury

Member of theNew York Senatefrom the 26th district

In officeJanuary 1, 1911 – March 17, 1913

Preceded by

John F. Schlosser

Succeeded by

James E. Towner

Personal details

Born

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
January 30, 1882 Hyde Park, New York, U.S.

Died

April 12, 1945 Warm Springs, Georgia, U.S.

Cause of death

Cerebral hemorrhage

Resting place

Springwood Estate Hyde Park, New York, U.S.

Political party

Democratic

Spouse

Eleanor Roosevelt ( m.   1905 )

Children

  • Anna
  • James
  • Franklin
  • Elliott
  • Franklin Jr.
  • John

Parents

  • James Roosevelt I
  • Sara Roosevelt

Relatives

  • Roosevelt family
  • Delano family

Education

Harvard UniversityColumbia University

Signature

Cursive signature in ink

Franklin Delano Roosevelt , often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A Democrat, he won a record four presidential elections and became a central figure in world events during the first half of the 20th century. Roosevelt directed the federal government during most of the Great Depression, implementing his New Deal domestic agenda in response to the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. As a dominant leader of his party, he built the New Deal Coalition, which realigned American politics into the Fifth Party System and defined American liberalism throughout the middle third of the 20th century. His third and fourth terms were dominated by World War II. Roosevelt is widely considered to be one of the most important figures in American history, as well as among the most influential figures of the 20th century. Though he has also been subject to much criticism, he is generally rated by scholars as one of the three greatest U.S. presidents, along with George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

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Discover Franklin D. Roosevelt Quotes and Sayings

Art is not a treasure in the past or an importation from another land, but part of the present life of all living and creating peoples. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Art is not a treasure in the past or an importation from another land, but part of the present life of all living and creating peoples.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

art
One thing is sure. We have to do something. We have to do the best we know how at the moment... If it doesn't turn out right, we can modify it as we go along. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

One thing is sure. We have to do something. We have to do the best we know how at the moment... If it doesn't turn out right, we can modify it as we go along.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

best
Prosperous farmers mean more employment, more prosperity for the workers and the business men of every industrial area in the whole country. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Prosperous farmers mean more employment, more prosperity for the workers and the business men of every industrial area in the whole country.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

business men
Favor comes because for a brief moment in the great space of human change and progress some general human purpose finds in him a satisfactory embodiment. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Favor comes because for a brief moment in the great space of human change and progress some general human purpose finds in him a satisfactory embodiment.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

change great
Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

education
No group and no government can properly prescribe precisely what should constitute the body of knowledge with which true education is concerned. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

No group and no government can properly prescribe precisely what should constitute the body of knowledge with which true education is concerned.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

education government knowledge
Physical strength can never permanently withstand the impact of spiritual force. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Physical strength can never permanently withstand the impact of spiritual force.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

faith strength
The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

fear
The only sure bulwark of continuing liberty is a government strong enough to protect the interests of the people, and a people strong enough and well enough informed to maintain its sovereign control over the goverment. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

The only sure bulwark of continuing liberty is a government strong enough to protect the interests of the people, and a people strong enough and well enough informed to maintain its sovereign control over the goverment.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

freedom government
True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

freedom
Don't forget what I discovered that over ninety percent of all national deficits from 1921 to 1939 were caused by payments for past, present, and future wars. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Don't forget what I discovered that over ninety percent of all national deficits from 1921 to 1939 were caused by payments for past, present, and future wars.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

future war
Not only our future economic soundness but the very soundness of our democratic institutions depends on the determination of our government to give employment to idle men. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Not only our future economic soundness but the very soundness of our democratic institutions depends on the determination of our government to give employment to idle men.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

future government men
A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who, however, has never learned how to walk forward. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who, however, has never learned how to walk forward.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

good politics
I think we consider too much the good luck of the early bird and not enough the bad luck of the early worm. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

I think we consider too much the good luck of the early bird and not enough the bad luck of the early worm.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

good
There is nothing I love as much as a good fight. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

There is nothing I love as much as a good fight.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

good love
Let us never forget that government is ourselves and not an alien power over us. The ultimate rulers of our democracy are not a President and senators and congressmen and government officials, but the voters of this country. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

Let us never forget that government is ourselves and not an alien power over us. The ultimate rulers of our democracy are not a President and senators and congressmen and government officials, but the voters of this country.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

government power