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Friedrich Nietzsche

Nietzsche187a.jpg
Nietzsche in Basel, c. 1875

Born

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
15 October 1844
Röcken, Province of Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia, German Confederation

Died

25 August 1900
Weimar, Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, German Empire

Nationality

German

Alma mater

  • University of Bonn
  • Leipzig University

Era

19th-century philosophy

Region

Western philosophy

School

  • Anti-foundationalism
  • Anti-consumerism
  • Atheism
  • Continental philosophy
  • German idealism
  • Existentialism
  • Nihilism
  • Perspectivism
  • Voluntarism

Institutions

University of Basel

Main interests

  • Aesthetics
  • Ethics
  • Metaphysics
  • Ontology
  • Philosophy of history
  • Poetry
  • Psychology
  • Tragedy
  • Value theory

Notable ideas

  • Amor fati
  • Apollonian and Dionysian
  • Eternal return
  • Fact–value distinction
  • Genealogy
  • God is dead
  • Herd instinct
  • Last man
  • Master–slave morality
  • Nietzschean affirmation
  • Perspectivism
  • Ressentiment
  • Transvaluation of values
  • Tschandala
  • Übermensch
  • Will to power

Influences

    • Arthur Schopenhauer
    • Baruch Spinoza
    • Charles Darwin
    • Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl
    • Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    • Johann Gottfried Herder
    • Johann Joachim Winckelmann
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    • Heraclitus
    • Max Stirner
    • Parmenides
    • Philipp Mainländer
    • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    • Richard Wagner
    • Voltaire
    • the French moralists

Influenced

    • Adorno
    • Bataille
    • Camus
    • Cioran
    • Deleuze
    • Derrida
    • Feyerabend
    • Foucault
    • Freud
    • Goldman
    • Evola
    • Heidegger
    • Iqbal
    • Jung
    • Kaufmann
    • Kazantzakis
    • Mencken
    • Morrison
    • Rand
    • Rogers
    • Rorty
    • Rilke
    • Sartre
    • Savater
    • Spengler
    • Strauss
    • Weber
    • Williams
    • Zapffe
    • Postchristianity

Signature

Friedrich Nietzsche Signature.svg

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became the youngest ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 at the age of 24. Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life; he completed much of his core writing in the following decade. In 1889 at age 44, he suffered a collapse and afterward, a complete loss of his mental faculties. He lived his remaining years in the care of his mother until her death in 1897 and then with his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche. Nietzsche died in 1900.

Nietzsche's body of work touched a wide range of topics, including art, philology, history, religion, tragedy, culture, and science. His writing spans philosophical polemics, poetry, cultural criticism and fiction while displaying a fondness for aphorism and irony. His early inspiration was drawn from figures such as Arthur Schopenhauer, Richard Wagner and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Prominent elements of his philosophy include his radical critique of truth in favor of perspectivism; his genealogical critique of religion and Christian morality and his related theory of master–slave morality; his aesthetic affirmation of existence in response to the "death of God" and the profound crisis of nihilism; his notion of the Apollonian and Dionysian; and his characterization of the human subject as the expression of competing wills, collectively understood as the will to power. He also developed influential concepts such as the Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return. In his later work, he became increasingly preoccupied with the creative powers of the individual to overcome social, cultural and moral contexts in pursuit of new values and aesthetic health.

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Discover Friedrich Nietzsche Quotes and Sayings

When marrying, ask yourself this question: Do you believe that you will be able to converse well with this person into your old age? Everything else in marriage is transitory. - Friedrich Nietzsche

When marrying, ask yourself this question: Do you believe that you will be able to converse well with this person into your old age? Everything else in marriage is transitory.

Friedrich Nietzsche

marriage age
Perhaps I know best why it is man alone who laughs; he alone suffers so deeply that he had to invent laughter. - Friedrich Nietzsche

Perhaps I know best why it is man alone who laughs; he alone suffers so deeply that he had to invent laughter.

Friedrich Nietzsche

best alone
The doer alone learneth. - Friedrich Nietzsche

The doer alone learneth.

Friedrich Nietzsche

education alone
The essence of all beautiful art, all great art, is gratitude. - Friedrich Nietzsche

The essence of all beautiful art, all great art, is gratitude.

Friedrich Nietzsche

great art
We have art in order not to die of the truth. - Friedrich Nietzsche

We have art in order not to die of the truth.

Friedrich Nietzsche

truth art
Art is the proper task of life. - Friedrich Nietzsche

Art is the proper task of life.

Friedrich Nietzsche

life art
Admiration for a quality or an art can be so strong that it deters us from striving to possess it. - Friedrich Nietzsche

Admiration for a quality or an art can be so strong that it deters us from striving to possess it.

Friedrich Nietzsche

art
Art is not merely an imitation of the reality of nature, but in truth a metaphysical supplement to the reality of nature, placed alongside thereof for its conquest. - Friedrich Nietzsche

Art is not merely an imitation of the reality of nature, but in truth a metaphysical supplement to the reality of nature, placed alongside thereof for its conquest.

Friedrich Nietzsche

truth nature art
For art to exist, for any sort of aesthetic activity to exist, a certain physiological precondition is indispensable: intoxication. - Friedrich Nietzsche

For art to exist, for any sort of aesthetic activity to exist, a certain physiological precondition is indispensable: intoxication.

Friedrich Nietzsche

art
I do not know what the spirit of a philosopher could more wish to be than a good dancer. For the dance is his ideal, also his fine art, finally also the only kind of piety he knows, his 'divine service.' - Friedrich Nietzsche

I do not know what the spirit of a philosopher could more wish to be than a good dancer. For the dance is his ideal, also his fine art, finally also the only kind of piety he knows, his 'divine service.'

Friedrich Nietzsche

good art
When art dresses in worn-out material it is most easily recognized as art. - Friedrich Nietzsche

When art dresses in worn-out material it is most easily recognized as art.

Friedrich Nietzsche

art
Sleeping is no mean art: for its sake one must stay awake all day. - Friedrich Nietzsche

Sleeping is no mean art: for its sake one must stay awake all day.

Friedrich Nietzsche

art
Art raises its head where creeds relax. - Friedrich Nietzsche

Art raises its head where creeds relax.

Friedrich Nietzsche

art
The bad gains respect through imitation, the good loses it especially in art. - Friedrich Nietzsche

The bad gains respect through imitation, the good loses it especially in art.

Friedrich Nietzsche

respect good art
The best weapon against an enemy is another enemy. - Friedrich Nietzsche

The best weapon against an enemy is another enemy.

Friedrich Nietzsche

war best
He who laughs best today, will also laughs last. - Friedrich Nietzsche

He who laughs best today, will also laughs last.

Friedrich Nietzsche

best