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Friedrich Schiller

Portrait of Schiller by Ludovike Simanowiz
Portrait of Schiller by Ludovike Simanowiz


Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller10 November 1759 Marbach am Neckar, Duchy of Württemberg in the Holy Roman Empire


9 May 1805 Weimar, Duchy of Saxe-Weimar in the Holy Roman Empire


Poet, playwright, writer, historian, philosopher



Literary movement

Sturm und Drang, Weimar Classicism

Notable works

  • The Robbers
  • Don Carlos
  • Wallenstein Trilogy
  • Mary Stuart
  • William Tell


Charlotte von Lengefeld ( m.  1790)


  • Karl Ludwig Friedrich
  • Ernst Friedrich Wilhelm
  • Karoline Luise Friederike
  • Emilie Henriette Luise


Johann Kaspar Schiller  , Elisabeth Dorothea Schiller  , born Kodweiß, Christophine Reinwald


Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life , Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with the already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. They frequently discussed issues concerning aesthetics, and Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches. This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism. They also worked together on Xenien, a collection of short satirical poems in which both Schiller and Goethe challenge opponents of their philosophical vision.

Friedrich Schiller was born on 10 November 1759, in Marbach, Württemberg, as the only son of military doctor Johann Kaspar Schiller [de] and Elisabeth Dorothea Kodweiß [de] . They also had five daughters, including Christophine, the eldest. Schiller grew up in a very religious family and spent much of his youth studying the Bible, which would later influence his writing for the theatre. His father was away in the Seven Years' War when Friedrich was born. He was named after king Frederick the Great, but he was called Fritz by nearly everyone. Kaspar Schiller was rarely home during the war, but he did manage to visit the family once in a while. His wife and children also visited him occasionally wherever he happened to be stationed. When the war ended in 1763, Schiller's father became a recruiting officer and was stationed in Schwäbisch Gmünd. The family moved with him. Due to the high cost of living—especially the rent—the family moved to the nearby town of Lorch.

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