About This Author

J. R. R. Tolkien
CBE FRSL

Tolkien as a second lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers
Tolkien as a second lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers

Born

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien3 January 1892 Bloemfontein, Orange Free State

Died

2 September 1973 Bournemouth, England, United Kingdom

Occupation

Author, academic, philologist, poet

Nationality

British

Alma mater

Exeter College, Oxford

Genre

Fantasy, high fantasy, translation, literary criticism

Notable works

  • The Hobbit
  • The Lord of the Rings
  • The Silmarillion
  • Unfinished Tales

Spouse

Edith Bratt ( m.  1916; died 1971)

Children

  • John Francis
  • Michael Hilary
  • Christopher John
  • Priscilla Anne

Signature

Military career

Allegiance

  United Kingdom

Service/ branch

Flag of the British Army .svg.pngBritish Army

Years of service

1915–1920

Rank

Lieutenant

Unit

Lancashire Fusiliers

Battles/wars

First World War
  • Battle of the Somme

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE, FRSL was an English writer, poet, philologist, and academic, who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, from 1945 to 1959. He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis—they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972.

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