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Jack London

London in 1903
London in 1903


John Griffith ChaneyJanuary 12, 1876 San Francisco, California, U.S.


November 22, 1916 Glen Ellen, California, U.S.


Novelist, journalist, short story writer and essayist

Literary movement

Realism, Naturalism


Elizabeth Maddern ( m.   1900 ; div.   1904 )
Charmian Kittredge ( m.  1905)


John Griffith London was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist. A pioneer in the world of commercial magazine fiction, he was one of the first writers to become a worldwide celebrity and earn a large fortune from writing. He was also an innovator in the genre that would later become known as science fiction.

His most famous works include The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life". He also wrote about the South Pacific in stories such as "The Pearls of Parlay" and "The Heathen".

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