About This Author

James Madison

James Madison.jpg

4th President of the United States

In officeMarch 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817

Vice President

George ClintonNoneElbridge GerryNone

Preceded by

Thomas Jefferson

Succeeded by

James Monroe

5th United States Secretary of State

In officeMay 2, 1801 – March 3, 1809

President

Thomas Jefferson

Preceded by

John Marshall

Succeeded by

Robert Smith

Member of theU.S. House of Representativesfrom Virginia 's15thdistrict

In officeMarch 4, 1793 – March 4, 1797

Preceded by

Constituency established

Succeeded by

John Dawson

Member of theU.S. House of Representativesfrom Virginia 's5thdistrict

In officeMarch 4, 1789 – March 4, 1793

Preceded by

Constituency established

Succeeded by

George Hancock

Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation from Virginia

In officeNovember 6, 1786 – October 30, 1787In officeMarch 1, 1781 – November 1, 1783

Personal details

Born

March 16, 1751 Port Conway, Colony of Virginia, British America

Died

June 28, 1836 Orange, Virginia, U.S.

Resting place

Montpelier

Political party

Democratic-Republican

Spouse

Dolley Payne Todd ( m.   1794 )

Children

John

Parents

James Madison Sr.Nelly Conway

Education

Princeton University

Signature

Cursive signature in ink

Military service

Allegiance

Colony of Virginia

Branch/service

Red Ensign of Great Britain .svgVirginia militia

Years of service

1775

Rank

US-O6 insignia.svgColonel

James Madison Jr. was an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution and the United States Bill of Rights. He also co-wrote The Federalist Papers, co-founded the Democratic-Republican Party, and served as the fifth United States Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809.

Born into a prominent Virginia planting family, Madison served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War. He became dissatisfied with the weak national government established by the Articles of Confederation and helped organize the Constitutional Convention, which produced a new constitution to supplant the Articles of Confederation. Madison's Virginia Plan served as the basis for the Constitutional Convention's deliberations, and he was one of the most influential individuals at the convention. Madison became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify the Constitution, and he joined with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in writing The Federalist Papers, a series of pro-ratification essays that is widely considered to be one of the most influential works of political science in American history.

more from Wikipedia

Find On Amazon: James Madison

Discover James Madison Quotes and Sayings

A well-instructed people alone can be permanently a free people. - James Madison

A well-instructed people alone can be permanently a free people.

James Madison

alone
To the press alone, chequered as it is with abuses, the world is indebted for all the triumphs which have been gained by reason and humanity over error and oppression. - James Madison

To the press alone, chequered as it is with abuses, the world is indebted for all the triumphs which have been gained by reason and humanity over error and oppression.

James Madison

alone
A well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained in arms, is the best most natural defense of a free country. - James Madison

A well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained in arms, is the best most natural defense of a free country.

James Madison

best
Let me recommend the best medicine in the world: a long journey, at a mild season, through a pleasant country, in easy stages. - James Madison

Let me recommend the best medicine in the world: a long journey, at a mild season, through a pleasant country, in easy stages.

James Madison

best
Learned Institutions ought to be favorite objects with every free people. They throw that light over the public mind which is the best security against crafty and dangerous encroachments on the public liberty. - James Madison

Learned Institutions ought to be favorite objects with every free people. They throw that light over the public mind which is the best security against crafty and dangerous encroachments on the public liberty.

James Madison

best
A man has a property in his opinions and the free communication of them. - James Madison

A man has a property in his opinions and the free communication of them.

James Madison

communication
Whenever a youth is ascertained to possess talents meriting an education which his parents cannot afford, he should be carried forward at the public expense. - James Madison

Whenever a youth is ascertained to possess talents meriting an education which his parents cannot afford, he should be carried forward at the public expense.

James Madison

education
The class of citizens who provide at once their own food and their own raiment, may be viewed as the most truly independent and happy. - James Madison

The class of citizens who provide at once their own food and their own raiment, may be viewed as the most truly independent and happy.

James Madison

food
I believe there are more instances of the abridgement of freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments by those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations. - James Madison

I believe there are more instances of the abridgement of freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments by those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations.

James Madison

power freedom
No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. - James Madison

No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare.

James Madison

freedom
Knowledge will forever govern ignorance and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives. - James Madison

Knowledge will forever govern ignorance and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.

James Madison

power knowledge government
If men were angels, no government would be necessary. - James Madison

If men were angels, no government would be necessary.

James Madison

men government
Do not separate text from historical background. If you do, you will have perverted and subverted the Constitution, which can only end in a distorted, bastardized form of illegitimate government. - James Madison

Do not separate text from historical background. If you do, you will have perverted and subverted the Constitution, which can only end in a distorted, bastardized form of illegitimate government.

James Madison

government
And I have no doubt that every new example will succeed, as every past one has done, in showing that religion and Government will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together. - James Madison

And I have no doubt that every new example will succeed, as every past one has done, in showing that religion and Government will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together.

James Madison

religion government
A popular government without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce, or a tragedy, or perhaps both. - James Madison

A popular government without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce, or a tragedy, or perhaps both.

James Madison

government
War should only be declared by the authority of the people, whose toils and treasures are to support its burdens, instead of the government which is to reap its fruits. - James Madison

War should only be declared by the authority of the people, whose toils and treasures are to support its burdens, instead of the government which is to reap its fruits.

James Madison

war government