About This Author

Oscar Wilde

Photograph taken in 1882 by Napoleon Sarony
Photograph taken in 1882 by Napoleon Sarony

Born

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde16 October 1854 Dublin, Ireland

Died

30 November 1900 Paris, France

Resting place

Père Lachaise Cemetery

Occupation

  • Author
  • poet
  • playwright

Language

English, French

Nationality

Irish

Education

Portora Royal School

Alma mater

  • Trinity College, Dublin
  • Magdalen College, Oxford

Period

Victorian era

Genre

  • Drama
  • short story
  • criticism
  • dialogue
  • journalism

Literary movement

Aestheticism

Notable works

  • The Importance of Being Earnest
  • The Picture of Dorian Gray

Spouse

Constance Lloyd ( m.  1884; died 1898)

Children

  • Cyril Holland
  • Vyvyan Holland

Relatives

  • William Wilde
  • Jane Wilde
  • Willie Wilde

Signature

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, and the circumstances of his criminal conviction for homosexuality, imprisonment, and early death at age 46.

Wilde's parents were successful Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. Their son became fluent in French and German early in life. At university, Wilde read Greats; he proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Dublin, then at Oxford. He became known for his involvement in the rising philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

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